RE: Haproxy timing issues

From: Erik Torlen <>
Date: Wed, 2 Nov 2011 18:17:58 +0000


Yeah the clients are not the problem, we are using 5 different datacenters with 5 machines each so ~25 machines. Hardcore loadtesting :) Btw, the loadtest are done transatlantic so that is causing latency etc.

After some more testing yesterday we found at just what you mentioned here: using stud with too many processes made the result much more worse.
The perfect setup turned out to be stud with n=3 and haproxy nbproc=1. Increasing n with n=4,5,6.. made the result much worse.

When I got these results I used stud with n=6 which caused a lot of response time problems. However, I don't see these response time now when running with n=3 in haproxy logs. So how could stud with n=6 affect the response time on the "backend" in haproxy logs?

We are currently using the latest version of stud from github, bumptech-stud-0.2-76-g8012fe3. Is the "emericbr patches" merge in there or is that a fork?

The loadtest client is doing a renegotiation for every connection. The scenario is containing 3 small images. Each connection is making 3 request times 10 with 3-7s waittime between each request. This is to maintain the connection as long as possible and get many active connections. (We also have scenarios doing a lot of conns/s etc).

Yeah, Aloha would have been cool to test. But this is not for us, this is for a customer :)

These are my main sysctl values which gave me visible performance improvement:


net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range=1024 65536

These are some more I have tried with but it did not gave me so much improvement:

#net.ipv4.tcp_rmem=4096 87380 16777216
#net.ipv4.tcp_wmem=4096 65536 16777216
#net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 3
#net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 262144
#net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
#net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2


#net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144


-----Original Message-----
From: Baptiste [] Sent: den 1 november 2011 16:08
To: Erik Torlen
Subject: Re: Haproxy timing issues


First question: are you sure you're reaching the limit of haproxy/varnish and not the limit of your client? Mainly concerning the increasing response time.

How many CPUs do you have in your VM? Starting too much stud proccess could be counter-productive.
I doubt doing CPU affinity in a VM improves something :)

Concerning the logs, the time we can see on your client side are very high! Too high :)
3/4s for HAProxy to get the full request.

How are you running stud?
Which options? Are you using the one with emericbr patches? Are you using requesting using the same SSL Session ID or do you renegotiate a new one for each connection?

Have you checked your network statisitics, on both client and server side? netstat -in and netstat -s
Is there a lot of drops, retransmission, congestion, etc...

On your last log line, we can see that HAProxy took 22s to establish a TCP connection to your Varnish...

Can you share your stud, haproxy, and varnish configuration, the version of each software, the startup parameters for Varnish. What kind of tool do you use on your client to run your load test? What sysctl have you already tunned?

Unfortunately, the Aloha does not run on Amazon :)


On Tue, Nov 1, 2011 at 9:16 PM, Erik Torlen <> wrote:
> Hi,
> I am currently (and have been from time to time the last weeks) doing some heavy loadtesting against haproxy with stud in front of it handling the ssl.
> My loadtest has been focused on loadtesting SSL traffic through stud against haproxy on amazon ec2.
> Our current problem is that we cannot get more then ~30k active connections (~150 conns/s) until we starting to see increased response time (>10-60s) on the
> client side. Running with 38k connections now and seeing much higher response time.
> The setup is:
> 1 instance running haproxy + stud
> 2 instances running varnish server 3 cached images
> Varnish has 100% cache hit ratio so nothing goes to the backend.
> We have tried using m1.xlarge and the c1.xlarge. The m1.xlarge uses almost 100% cpu when doing the loadtests while c1.xlarge has a lot of resources left (stud using a few percent per process) and haproxy ~60-70%cpu.
> The only difference is that c1.xlarge gives quite better response time before the actual problem happens where resp times are increasing.
> Haproxy is running with nbproc=1
> Stud is running with n=6 and shared session cache. (Tried it with n=3 as well
> From the logging in haproxy I could see that the time it takes to establish a connection against the backend and receive the data:
> Haproxy.log
> Nov  1 18:40:35 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:54113 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:40.273] varnish varnish/varnish1 4519/0/73/50215/54809 200 2715 - - ---- 238/236/4/5/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/elite_logo_beta.png HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 18:40:35 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:55635 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:41.547] varnish varnish/varnish1 3245/0/81/50207/53535 200 1512 - - ---- 238/236/3/4/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> ...
> Nov  1 18:40:44 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:34453 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:25.330] varnish varnish/varnish1 3082/0/225/32661/79559 200 1512 - - ---- 234/232/1/2/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 18:40:44 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:53731 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:25.036] varnish varnish/varnish1 3377/0/216/32669/79854 200 1725 - - ---- 233/231/0/1/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/create/action_btn.png HTTP/1.1"
> Haproxy.err (NOTE: 504 error here)
> Nov  1 18:40:11 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:34885 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:07.597] varnish varnish/varnish1 4299/0/27/-1/64330 504 194 - - sH-- 10916/10914/4777/2700/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 18:40:12 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:58878 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:12.621] varnish varnish/varnish2 314/0/55/-1/60374 504 194 - - sH-- 3692/3690/3392/1623/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 18:40:18 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:35505 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:42.670] varnish varnish/varnish1 3515/0/22078/10217/35811 200 1512 - - ---- 1482/1481/1238/710/1 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 18:40:18 haproxy[18511]: x.x.x.x:40602 [01/Nov/2011:18:39:42.056] varnish varnish/varnish1 4126/0/22081/10226/36435 200 1512 - - ---- 1475/1474/1231/703/1 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> Here is the logs from running haproxy with varnish as a backend on the local machine:
> Haproxy.log
> Nov  1 20:00:52 haproxy[18953]: x.x.x.x:38552 [01/Nov/2011:20:00:45.157] varnish varnish/local_varnish 7513/0/0/0/7513 200 1725 - - ---- 4/3/0/1/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/create/action_btn.png HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 20:00:54 haproxy[18953]: x.x.x.x:40850 [01/Nov/2011:20:00:48.219] varnish varnish/local_varnish 6524/0/0/0/6524 200 1725 - - ---- 2/1/0/1/0 0/0 "GET /assets/images/create/action_btn.png HTTP/1.1"
> Haproxy.err
> Nov  1 20:00:38 haproxy[18953]: x.x.x.x:39649 [01/Nov/2011:20:00:08.665] varnish varnish/local_varnish 7412/0/22090/23/29525 200 1511 - - ---- 15700/15698/267/268/1 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> Nov  1 20:00:38 haproxy[18953]: x.x.x.x:54565 [01/Nov/2011:20:00:12.255] varnish varnish/local_varnish 3823/0/22090/23/25936 200 1511 - - ---- 15700/15698/266/267/1 0/0 "GET /assets/images/icons/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1"
> I see on all these tests that haproxy-stats is showing %1 idle but "top" shows that haproxy are using ~70% cpu?
> The "jungle" aka amazon and its internal network are causing a lot of latency when running varnish on external machine. The response times get better when running
> varnish locally (~0.5s improvement).
> But there is still very high response times in haproxy.err when running varnish locally?
> I have played around with sysctl values and found some that improved my performance.
> My feeling is that I need to tune some more values in order to go beyond this level, suggestions?
> Kind Regards
> Erik
Received on 2011/11/02 19:17

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